Hudson Bay and the Hudson’s Bay Company

The discovery of Hudson Bay in 1610 was seen as a major breakthrough in the search for the Northwest Passage. For the next two centuries it became the focus of searches for a passage to the west. The founding of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1670 established regular voyages to and from the Bay, and opened up the interior of the country to the fur trade. However by the end of the 18th century explorers by ship and overland had proved that the Bay was a dead end; if there was a passage, it was further north.

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