Septentrionalium Terrarum Descriptio.

This is the first printed map of the North Pole. Originally published in 1595, it was revised in 1613 to show, in the accompanying maps in roundels, the more recent discoveries of Davis, 1585-87 and Frobisher, 1576-78.

Most maps produced between the mid sixteenth-century to the mid nineteenth-century are engravings or impressions from plates, often copper. Impressions that are printed from a particular plate, without changes to that plate, belong to the same "state". This map, in the 2nd state, was made from a plate that was altered to show the revised content.

Septentrionalium Terrarum Descriptio.
Gerard Mercator, 1512-1594
Amsterdam: Jodocus Hondius, 1613
2nd state, French edition
Gift of George Weston Ltd.

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