Anderson Abbott worked as a doctor in both Canada and in the United States. He served in the U.S. Army during the Civil War from 1863 to 1865. He was recognized for his duty as one of eight black surgeons in the army.

Passport of Anderson Ruffin Abbott
Anderson Ruffin Abbott papers S257

He established a medical practice in Toronto in 1867.

In 1871, he married Mary Ann Casey, the daughter of a successful barber and moved to Chatham and continued to practice medicine. While in Chatham, he became associate editor of The Messenger, published by British Methodist Episcopal Church.

Anderson Ruffin Abbott
Photograph, 1863
Anderson Ruffin Abbott papers S90

Mary Ann Casey
Anderson Ruffin Abbott papers S257

From 1894 to 1899, he was the Medical Superintendent of Provident Hospital in Chicago. He retired to Toronto, where he died in 1913.

Abbott’s family continued to live and prosper in Toronto following his death. His daughter Grace married Frederick L. Hubbard, the son of William Peyton Hubbard (1842-1935), a Toronto Alderman and Deputy Mayor.

This concludes our brief exhibit on Anderson Ruffin Anderson. Click here to explore other virtual exhibits from the Toronto Public Library.

Source: Special Collections, Toronto Public Library.